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3 формы глагола to throw

Глагол to throw
3.5K

Глагол to throw в английском языке имеет несколько значений, а еще нестандартные формы, то есть является неправильным. В статье собрали таблицы и примеры, которые помогут вам запомнить значения и формы глагола to throw, а еще фразовые глаголы и идиоматические выражения с ним.

Формы глагола throw

Основные формы глагола throw следующие:

  • throw (бросать) – базовая форма (V1)
  • threw (бросал) – прошедшее время (V2)
  • thrown (брошенный) – причастие прошедшего времени (V3)

Производные формы глагола:

  • throwing (бросающий) – причастие настоящего времени (V-ing)
  • throws (бросает) – 3-е лицо единственного числа настоящего времени (V-s)

Таблица спряжения глагола throw во всех временах и лицах

Время Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма Вопросительная форма
Present Simple I throw, you throw, he/she/it throws, we/you/they throw I do not throw, you do not throw, he/she/it does not throw, we/you/they do not throw Do I throw?, Do you throw?, Does he/she/it throw?, Do we/you/they throw?
Past Simple I threw, you threw, he/she/it threw, we/you/they threw I did not throw, you did not throw, he/she/it did not throw, we/you/they did not throw Did I throw?, Did you throw?, Did he/she/it throw?, Did we/you/they throw?
Future Simple I will throw, you will throw, he/she/it will throw, we/you/they will throw I will not throw, you will not throw, he/she/it will not throw, we/you/they will not throw Will I throw?, Will you throw?, Will he/she/it throw?, Will we/you/they throw?
Present Continuous I am throwing, you are throwing, he/she/it is throwing, we/you/they are throwing I am not throwing, you are not throwing, he/she/it is not throwing, we/you/they are not throwing Am I throwing?, Are you throwing?, Is he/she/it throwing?, Are we/you/they throwing?
Past Continuous I was throwing, you were throwing, he/she/it was throwing, we/you/they were throwing I was not throwing, you were not throwing, he/she/it was not throwing, we/you/they were not throwing Was I throwing?, Were you throwing?, Was he/she/it throwing?, Were we/you/they throwing?
Future Continuous I will be throwing, you will be throwing, he/she/it will be throwing, we/you/they will be throwing I will not be throwing, you will not be throwing, he/she/it will not be throwing, we/you/they will not be throwing Will I be throwing?, Will you be throwing?, Will he/she/it be throwing?, Will we/you/they be throwing?
Present Perfect I have thrown, you have thrown, he/she/it has thrown, we/you/they have thrown I have not thrown, you have not thrown, he/she/it has not thrown, we/you/they have not thrown Have I thrown?, Have you thrown?, Has he/she/it thrown?, Have we/you/they thrown?
Past Perfect I had thrown, you had thrown, he/she/it had thrown, we/you/they had thrown I had not thrown, you had not thrown, he/she/it had not thrown, we/you/they had not thrown Had I thrown?, Had you thrown?, Had he/she/it thrown?, Had we/you/they thrown?
Future Perfect I will have thrown, you will have thrown, he/she/it will have thrown, we/you/they will have thrown I will not have thrown, you will not have thrown, he/she/it will not have thrown, we/you/they will not have thrown Will I have thrown?, Will you have thrown?, Will he/she/it have thrown?, Will we/you/they have thrown?
Present Perfect Continuous I have been throwing, you have been throwing, he/she/it has been throwing, we/you/they have been throwing I have not been throwing, you have not been throwing, he/she/it has not been throwing, we/you/they have not been throwing Have I been throwing?, Have you been throwing?, Has he/she/it been throwing?, Have we/you/they been throwing?
Past Perfect Continuous I had been throwing, you had been throwing, he/she/it had been throwing, we/you/they had been throwing I had not been throwing, you had not been throwing, he/she/it had not been throwing, we/you/they had not been throwing Had I been throwing?, Had you been throwing?, Had he/she/it been throwing?, Had we/you/they been throwing?
Future Perfect Continuous I will have been throwing, you will have been throwing, he/she/it will have been throwing, we/you/they will have been throwing I will not have been throwing, you will not have been throwing, he/she/it will not have been throwing, we/you/they will not have been throwing Will I have been throwing?, Will you have been throwing?, Will he/she/it have been throwing?, Will we/you/they have been throwing?
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Значения глагола throw

Основное значение глагола throw – бросать или метать. Дополнительные значения глагол приобретает в составе устойчивых выражений:

  • throw a party (устроить вечеринку)
  • throw one's voice (изменять голос)
  • throw oneself into something (вложить все силы во что-то)

Фразовые глаголы с throw

С глаголом throw можно образовать ряд фразовых глаголов, таких как:

  • throw away (выбросить): I need to throw away these old shoes. (Мне нужно выбросить эти старые туфли.)
  • throw up (рвать, тошнить): The bad food made him throw up. (Его вырвало из-за плохой еды.)
  • throw in (добавить,включить в состав): She decided to throw in a few more ingredients to improve the taste. (Она решила добавить еще несколько ингредиентов, чтобы улучшить вкус.)
  • throw together (сделать на скорую руку, импровизировать): I just threw together a quick lunch. (Я просто быстро приготовил обед.)

Идиоматические выражения с глаголом throw

В английском языке существует множество идиоматических выражений с глаголом throw, например:

  • throw in the towel (сдаться, признать поражение): After losing the third match, he decided to throw in the towel. (После проигрыша в третьем матче он решил сдаться.)
  • throw caution to the wind (бросить все на ветер, рисковать): She threw caution to the wind and quit her job to travel the world. (Она бросила все на ветер и уволилась с работы, чтобы объехать мир.)

Примеры употребления глагола throw в предложениях

Различные значения и контексты использования глагола throw:

  • John threw the ball to his dog. (Джон кинул мяч своей собаке.)
  • They are going to throw a surprise party for Sarah. (Они собираются устроить сюрприз-вечеринку для Сары.)
  • Don't throw stones at the birds. (Не кидай камни в птиц.)

Примеры употребления фразовых глаголов и идиоматических выражений:

  • She threw away the letter without reading it. (Она выбросила письмо, не прочитав его.)
  • When I saw the exam questions, I felt like throwing up. (Когда я увидел вопросы на экзамене, меня пробило на рвоту.)
  • After many unsuccessful attempts, he threw in the towel. (После многочисленных неудачных попыток он сдался.)

Проверьте, знаете ли вы топ-100 английских глаголов



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